Emergency Connectivity Fund

With some unallocated funding remaining, a 3rd ECF application window opened on April 28th and closed on May 13th. The expectation is that this final window will exhaust any remaining unspent ECF funds.

Get your library ready to do business with the federal government.

Section 7402 of the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA) enacted the $7.17 billion Emergency Connectivity Fund (ECF).  ECF is intended to help bridge the "Homework Gap". ECF is administered by USAC, the Universal Service Administrative Co. under the ægis of the FCC's Wireline Competition Bureau. USAC also administers the E-rate program for libraries and schools.


ECF funds are to be used “for the purchase during a COVID–19 emergency period of eligible equipment or advanced telecommunications and information services (or both)”. Eligible equipment includes (but may not be limited to):

  • wi-fi hotspots,
  • modems,
  • routers,
  • devices that combine a modem and router,
  • and connected devices (such as tablets and chromebooks).
Eligible libraries are defined following the E-rate definition: public libraries and some independent libraries that are considered eligible for support under LSTA. Libraries affiliated with a school, college or university are not eligible.


Third And Final Application Window Closed 5/13/22

The FCC's 3rd application window closed on May 13th with service delivery to conclude by the end of December of 2023.  We do not yet know if all of the $7.17 billion program will be committed and whether all funds will be disbursed. Many libraries and schools continue to be unable to follow through with their anticipated programs due to supply chain issues and other delays.

Under ECF, libraries were able to apply for 100% discount for goods and services purchased, or expected to be purchased.  There is a maximum limit of $400 per laptop/chromebook/tablet and a $250 for hotspots.  The costs of other goods and services may be examined if they seem outside reasonable market estimates.  Even though the 3rd application window allows for service delivery that extends for over 18 months, a library may only request a maximum of 12 months for ongoing services such as hotspot data plans.

The FCC released its original Report and Order on May 11, 2021 which lays down the rules for ECF.  The final order reflects comments from numerous stakeholders on a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, including reply comments filed by the MBLC.

ALA has put up an information page that provides a thorough overview for libraries.

Differences From E-rate

Even though some aspects of the new program are not yet clear, the following distinctions should be reliable.

  • ECF complements the E-rate program.  If you can receive discounts through E-rate, the same equipment or service is generally not going to be eliglble under ECF.  The FCC has made clear that ECF is limited one-time funding to close the homework and connectivity gaps.  Regular connectivity services and equipment should be applied for through the E-rate program.
  • ECF reaches beyond the library building or school campus to the home or other remote locations.  E-rate stops at library's walls and immediate property.
  • Services eligible under ECF, but not E-rate, include:
    • purchasing wi-fi hotspots and data plans for lending to patrons
    • purchasing chromebooks, laptops, and tablets for lending to patrons. Libraries may  not purchase devices whose primary use would be within the library building.
    • purchasing high-powered wi-fi access points to extend a signal into a library parking lot, and paying for the internet access to support that signal
    • establishing internet access points in municipal areas, such as at a retirement home, shopping area, or public park
  • ECF will pay the full cost (100% discount) until funding runs low. Under E-rate the applicant pays at least 10%. In Massachusetts, the average library discount is between 50-60%.
  • ECF is a one-time congressional appropriation, rather than an ongoing program supported through universal service contributions.

Last Updated 05/17/2022

Emergency Connectivity Fund Intro

ECF Introduction and Q&A : Recorded 5/27/21




Workshop PowerPoint (pdf)


The state E-rate coordinator for Massachusetts libraries is:

Paul Kissman, Library Information Systems Specialist
617-725-1860 x238
857-488-6845 (Mobile)